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Solution Name:​​ Training to Assist with Feeding Skills​​ 


Solution Plan:​​ 

An​​ individual will​​ need to learn many skills in order to eat and drink independently. Expecting to learn all of them at once is probably not realistic. Instead, target one or two specific skills to perform more independently, such as bringing the spoon to​​ their​​ mouth or drinking​​ from a glass or a "sippy" cup​​ (child) independently.​​ ​​ 

Teach the skill all at once, think of having​​ the individual​​ partially participate in many of the aspects of mealtime. Partial participation means that you do some steps in the process and​​ the individual​​ does some steps. For example, you might put the food on​​ the​​ spoon, but then​​ have them​​ bring the spoon to​​ the​​ mouth. Over time,​​ gradually increase​​ the​​ level of participation in mealtime skills

Rather​​ than trying to teach the skill all at once, have the individual​​ partially participate in many of the aspects of mealtime. Partial participation means that​​ the caregiver​​ does​​ some steps in the process and​​ the participant​​ does some steps. For example,​​ the caregiver​​ might put the food on​​ the​​ spoon, but then​​ the participant​​ has the responsibility of bringing the spoon to his/her​​ mouth. Over time, you can gradually increase his level of participation in​​ mealtime skills.​​ 

Image result for fork and spoons




Consider these additional suggestions to help​​ individuals​​ develop eating skills and independence at mealtime:

  • Start with food or drinks that​​ the individual​​ really likes to increase motivation.​​ 

  • Make sure​​ the individual​​ feels secure​​ physically while sitting in the chair.​​ 

  • Work from behind​​ with the individual​​ when assisting​​ the individual​​ or showing​​ how​​ to do something so that your hands and​​ the participants hands​​ are moving together in the same direction.​​ 

  • Use Hand-over-Hand​​ when guiding​​ the individual​​ during mealtime.​​ 

  • Place a mirror in front of you and​​ the individual​​ so that you can more easily see his mouth.​​ 

  • Include​​ the individual​​ in family mealtimes, even if he is not eating a full meal at that time, to let​​ them be​​ part of the social interaction that occurs.​​ 

Such equipment might include:

  • Utensils with built-up handles that are easier for​​ individual​​ to grip

  • Plates or bowls with raised sides so that food is less likely to spill

  • Cups or bottles​​ (for children)​​ that have a special opening that is easier to drink through

  • Nonslip placemats or trays on which to place plates, cups, and utensils so that they are less likely to move.​​ 


Required Materials:​​ 

Home Items:

  • Mirror

1.Built up Utensils​​ 

Links :​​ https://amzn.to/3c8BW7X​​ 

2.Plates/Bowls with Raised Sides​​ 

Link: Bowl ​​ https://amzn.to/2YCVqxQ​​ 

Dish -​​ https://amzn.to/3bcKYzL​​ 

3.Non-Slip Place Mats​​ 

Links :​​ https://amzn.to/35AJIox​​