Solution Name: Creating Independence and Positive Self-Esteem
Solution Plan: Self-Help
Self-Help - Setting up the physical environment to help toddlers become more independent.
chairs that are easy to get in and out of independently;
steps or stools at sinks so children can wash their hands;
small pitchers for pouring and self-feeding skills;
small open garbage container in which children can deposit refuse at snack time;
small cloths or sponges to help with cleaning the table
Limited language skills and strong emotions may make the child’s path towards independence difficult, therefore, encouragement and positive praise is important.
Give young children the opportunity to help with dressing and undressing. For example, pull a sock halfway off and ask the child to finish removing.
Encourage independence by giving the child limited choices: "Do you want the round plate or the square plate?" Respect children's preferences.
Be flexible and comfort children when needed.
Provide reasonable alternative choices it is appropriate to provide duplicates materials to relieve sharing problems.
Involve children in planning and rulemaking. Ask children for suggestions about rules so the learning environment becomes an extension of their needs and interests.
Role-play troublesome scenarios. Encourage children to play out scenes to discuss and practice ways of not hurting one another's feelings.
Reinforce positive assertions and ignore negative ones.
Stage by Stage 0 - 2
With growing motor and cognitive skills, toddlers want to do more for themselves.
Toddlers need activities suited to their abilities so that they don't become bored or give up.
Physical environments that encourage independence foster young children's growing need to participate in "adult" tasks, such as cleaning up after snack and washing hands before and after (Source, Ages and Stages)
Stage by Stage 3 - 4
Threes are beginning to control their feelings and their communication is increasingly verbal.
Sometimes, threes and fours express their independence with "No!" statements throughout the day.
Fours may respond negatively to efforts to restrict their behavior. (Source, Ages and Stages)
Stage by Stage 5 - 6
At this age, children begin to see themselves as separate from the adults around them and work to form their own identities.
Kindergartners have an increased ability to accept and manage challenges.
Five- and six-year-olds may test limits and experiment with contrary behavior. (Source, Ages and Stages)
Description: Step Stool