Name: Learning How to Play with Others Through Play Module IV
Sharing teaches children about compromise and being fair. Children learn that if we give a little to others, we can get some of what we want as well.
Turn Taking: Babies begin to engage in back-and-forth interactions, building blocks as cooperation by 6-9 months old. Play back-and-forth games, such as peekaboo and pat-a-cake.
Encourage Free Play:
The best way for a child to learn cooperative play is to have plenty of opportunity to participate in free play with other children.
Give children items (boxes, straws, pipe cleaners) that they can use to make things with and let play emerge.
Give them their space.
Children learn the value of cooperation by playing freely -- without restrictions and strict rules -- with others in their age group
Children learn a lot from just watching parents. Model good sharing and turn-taking and it gives children a great example to follow.
Children also need opportunities to learn about and practice sharing.
Point out good sharing with others. For example, “I like the way your friend was sharing the toys really. That was very kind of nice.”
When you see the child trying to share or take turns, ensure praise and attention are given. For example, “I liked the way you let John play with the truck. Great job sharing.”
Play games with the child that involve sharing and turn-taking.
Speak to the child about sharing before a playdate with friend(s)
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