Solution Name: Learning Speech and Language Acquisition Through Play
Birth to 2 Years
Say sound like "ma," "da," and "ba." Try to get your baby to say them back to you.
Look at your baby when sounds are made. Talk back to them and say what they say. Pretend to have a conversation.
Respond when baby laughs or makes faces. Make the same faces back
Teach the baby to do what you do, like clapping your hands and playing peek-a-boo.
Talk to the baby during baths, feedings and dressing. Talk about what is being done
Point out colors and shapes.
Count what is seen
Use gestures, like waving and pointing.
Talk about animal sounds. This helps the baby connect the sound and the animal. Use words like "The dog says woof-woof."
Add on to what the baby says. When the baby says, "Mama," say, "Here is Mama. Mama loves you. Where is baby? Here is baby."
Read to the child. Choose books that are sturdy and have large colorful pictures. Ask the child, "What's this?" and try to get him to point to or name objects.
2 to 4 Years
Speak clearly to the child. Model good speech.
Repeat what the child says to show understanding. Add on to what is said. Use words like, "Want juice? I have juice. I have apple juice. Do you want apple juice?".
Cut out pictures of favorite or familiar things. Put them into categories, like things to ride on, things to eat, and things to play with. Make silly pictures by mixing and matching pictures. Glue a picture of a dog behind the wheel of a car. Talk about what is wrong with the picture and ways to "fix" it.
Help the child understand and ask questions. Play the yes–no game. Ask questions such as, "Are you Marty?" and "Can a pig fly?" Have the child make up questions and try to fool you.
Ask questions that include a choice. "Do you want an apple or an orange?" "Do you want to wear your red shirt or your blue shirt?"
Sing simple songs and say nursery rhymes. This helps the child learn the rhythm of speech.
Place familiar objects in a box. Have your child take one out and tell you its name and how to use it. "This is my ball. I bounce it. I play with it."
Show pictures of familiar people and places. Talk about who they are and what happened. Try making up new stories.
4 to 6 Years
Pay attention when your child talks to you.
Get the child's attention before you talk.
Praise the child when she tells you something. Show that you understand her words.
Pause after speaking. This gives your child a chance to respond.
Keep helping your child learn new words. Say a new word, and tell him what it means, or use it in a way that helps him understand. For example, you can use the word "vehicle" instead of "car." You can say, "I think I will drive the vehicle to the store. I am too tired to walk."
Talk about where things are, using words like "first," "middle," and "last" or "right" and "left." Talk about opposites like "up" and "down" or "on" and "off."
Have the child guess what you describe. Say, "We use it to sweep the floor," and have her find the broom. Say, "It is cold, sweet, and good for dessert. I like strawberry" so she can guess "ice cream."
Work on groups of items, or categories. Find the thing that does not belong in a group. For example, "A shoe does not go with an apple and an orange because you can't eat it. It is not round. It is not a fruit."
Help the child follow two- and three-step directions. Use words like, "Go to your room, and bring me your book. (Source ASHA)
Required Materials: N/A