Solution Name: Meeting the Needs for My Child-IEP
The federal law called the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act or IDEA, children with disabilities are entitled to a “free appropriate public education” (often called FAPE). This means that schools must provide eligible children who have a disability with specially designed instruction to meet their unique needs at no cost to the children’s parents. This specially designed instruction is known as special education. IDEA includes a great deal of information to help states design special education programs for children with disabilities. IDEA also includes regulations to protect the rights of parents and children.
What is in the IEP?
In each state or school district the IEP form can look different. Under IDEA, the items below must be in every IEP.
The child’s present levels of academic achievement and functional performance.
Annual goals for your child.
How child’s progress will be measured
The special education, related services, and supplementary aids and services that will be provided to (or on behalf of) the child, including program modifications or supports for school staff.
An explanation of the extent (if any) to which the child will not participate with children without disabilities in the regular class and in school activities.
Any modifications your child will need when taking state or district-wide assessments.
The dates when services will begin and end, the amount of services, as well as how often and where they will take place.
How and when you will be informed of child’s progress.
By age 16 (or younger, if the IEP team so decides), postsecondary goals and the transition services (including courses of study) that the child will need to reach those goals.
Beginning at least one year before the child reaches the age of adulthood (usually 18-21, depending on your state law), the IEP must include a statement that the child has been informed of any rights that will transfer to him or her upon reaching this age. Reaching the age of adulthood is called the “age of majority” in IDEA. Not all states transfer rights upon reaching adulthood. Refer to your state’s special education regulations to find out how this issue is handled.
Material Required: N/A