Solution Name: Metacognitive Training
Metacognitive skills training (MST) is a cognitive rehabilitation approach that aims to facilitate the development of self-awareness in adults.
Metacognition, or thinking about one’s thinking, is key to facilitating lasting learning experiences and developing lifelong learners. Linda Darling-Hammond and her colleagues (2003) identify two types of metacognition: reflection, or “thinking about what we know,” and self-regulation, or “managing how we go about learning."
Activities for Metacognition
Identify what they already know.
Articulate what was learned.
Communicate knowledge, skills, and abilities to a specific audience
Set goals and monitor progress.
Evaluate and revise own work.
Identify and implement effective learning strategies.
Facilitate equal participation
Ensure the adults do most of the talking
Take place before, during, and after an experience
Happen in different group configurations (individuals, pairs, small group, large group)
Examples of metacognitive activities include:
planning how to approach a task
using appropriate skills and strategies to solve a problem,
monitoring one’s own comprehension of text,
self-assessing and self-correcting in response to self-assessment
evaluating progress toward the completion of a task
becoming aware of distracting stimuli.
Fogarty (1994) suggests that Metacognition is a process that spans three distinct phases, and that, to be successful thinkers, must do the following:
Develop a plan before approaching a learning task, such as reading for comprehension or solving a math problem. – ask the question: What am I supposed to learn?
Monitor their understanding; use “fix-up” strategies when meaning breaks down. -ask the questions: How am I doing? Am I on the right track?
Evaluate thinking after completing the task-ask the questions: How well did I do? What did I learn? Did I get the results I expected?