Solution Name: Positive Reward Systems
If the individual displays a good behavior, say something
Try to praise more than you criticize.
Look for little changes as successes.
Accept that everyone's different.
Element of surprise for good behavior
Praise effort as well as achievement.
Make praise dependent on the behavior
How praise works
Praise is when you tell the individual what you like about the behavior, this increases self-esteem.
By using praise, you’re showing the individual how to think and talk positively about themselves.
Descriptive praise- Descriptive praise is when you tell the individual exactly what it is that you like. For example, ‘I like the way you’ve cleaned up the clothes from the floor”.
You can’t give too much praise. But praise can lose its impact if it isn’t specific or if you use it when your child hasn’t done anything. This might teach your child that she doesn’t have to do anything to be praised.
Using praise to change behavior, individuals are more likely to repeat behavior that earns praise. This means you can use praise to help change difficult behavior and replace it with desirable behavior.
If you’re using praise to change behavior, you can praise effort as well as achievement – for example, ‘It’s great how you spoke in sentences when you called me for a ride home.”
Using praise can seem like an effort, and some days it might be hard to find reasons to praise the individual. If you praise the individual regularly, it’ll soon feel natural and normal.
Encouragement is praise for effort – for example, “You worked hard on answering the question”.
Praising effort can encourage the individual to try hard in the future – it’s very motivating. But you can also use encouragement before and during an activity to help the individual do the activity or behavior. For example, ‘Show me how well you can put your toys away’ or ‘I know you’re nervous about the test, but you’ve studied hard. No matter how it turns out, you’ve done your best’.
Some individuals, especially those who are less confident, need more encouragement than others. When praise is encouraging and focused on effort, individuals are more likely to see trying hard as a good thing in itself. They’re also more likely to keep trying and to be optimistic when they face challenges.
A reward is a consequence of good behavior. It’s a way of saying ‘well done’ after the individual has done something good or behaved well. It could be a treat, a surprise or an extra privilege.
Required Materials: N/A