​​ ​​ ​​ ​​ ​​ ​​ ​​ ​​ ​​ ​​ ​​ ​​ ​​ ​​ ​​ ​​ ​​ ​​ ​​​​  ​​ ​​ ​​ ​​ ​​ ​​​​  ​​ ​​ ​​ ​​ ​​ ​​ ​​ ​​ ​​ ​​ ​​ ​​ ​​ ​​ ​​ ​​ ​​ ​​ ​​ ​​ ​​ ​​ ​​ ​​ ​​ ​​ ​​ ​​ ​​ ​​ ​​ ​​ ​​ ​​ ​​ ​​ ​​​​ MyTherapyPrograms.Com​​ 


Solution Name:​​ Positive Reward Systems​​ 


Solution Plan: ​​ 

  • If the individual displays a good behavior, say something​​ 

  • Try to praise more than you criticize.​​ 

  • Look for little changes​​ as​​ successes.

  • Accept that everyone's different.​​ 

  • Element of surprise for good behavior​​ 

  • Praise effort as well as achievement.

  • Make praise dependent on the behavior

How praise works​​ 

  • Praise is when you tell the individual what you like about the behavior, this increases self-esteem.

  • By using praise, you’re​​ showing the individual​​ how to think and talk positively about​​ themselves.

Descriptive praise-​​ Descriptive praise is when you tell​​ the individual​​ exactly what it is that you like. For example, ‘I like the way you’ve​​ cleaned up the clothes from the floor”.​​ 

  • You can’t give too much praise. But praise can lose its impact if it isn’t specific or if you use it when your child hasn’t done anything. This might teach your child that she doesn’t have to do anything to be praised.

  • Using praise to change​​ behavior,​​ individuals​​ are​​ more likely to repeat​​ behavior​​ that earns praise. This means you can use praise to help change difficult​​ behavior​​ and replace it with desirable​​ behavior.

  • If you’re using praise to change​​ behavior, you can praise effort as well as achievement – for example, ‘It’s great how you​​ spoke in sentences when you called me for a ride home.”

  • Using praise can seem like an effort, and some days it might be hard to find reasons to​​ praise​​ the individual. If​​ you praise​​ the individual​​ regularly, it’ll soon feel natural and normal.



  • Encouragement is praise for effort – for example,​​ “You worked hard on​​ answering the question”.​​ 

  • Praising effort can encourage​​ the individual​​ to try hard in the future – it’s very motivating. But you can also use encouragement before and during an activity to help​​ the individual​​ do the activity or​​ behavior. For example, ‘Show me how well you can put your toys away’ or ‘I know you’re nervous about the test, but you’ve studied hard. No matter how it turns out, you’ve done your best’.

  • Some​​ individuals, especially those who are less confident, need more encouragement than others. When praise is encouraging and focused on effort,​​ individuals​​ are more likely to see trying hard as a good thing in itself. They’re also more likely to keep trying and to be optimistic when they face challenges.


  • A reward is a consequence of good​​ behavior. It’s a way of saying ‘well done’ after the individual​​ has done something good or behaved well. It could be a treat, a surprise or an​​ extra privilege.​​ 

Required Materials:​​ N/A​​