Name: Post Stroke Reading and Writing Plan
Many individuals encounter reading and writing difficulties following brain injury. Unfortunately, many individuals that were avid readers before their brain injury, almost give up reading and writing because it becomes a difficult task.
Technology provides many options to help with reading and writing.
Recording Pens – these pens can record lectures or meetings while taking notes. Individuals can concentrate on note writing and listen back to the meeting later to compare with notes.
Talking Books – books come in audio version individuals can listen to stories and non-fiction books
Reading Pen – this is a pen that scans a line of text and then reads back to the individual
Speech Recognition/Dictation software – if the individual has trouble writing, various software can be used to type dictation for the individual on a computer.
Specific to Attention/Concentration - Many individuals with brain injuries find it hard to pay attention or concentrate, especially over an extended period. Individuals may not remember the question that was asked, therefore, a task may not be finished, because the individual is distracted easily or moves onto something else. Strategies for improving attention and concentration can include:
Divide bigger tasks into smaller tasks
Understand the individual’s method of learning (visual, auditory, kinesthetic)
Set short time goals for better concentration
Set a time limit for the completion of a goal. If it is studying, then state that a certain number of pages need to be done within twenty minutes.
Use energy effectively, always begin on the harder activities during high energy time. As energy levels go down, you can always switch to a lighter activity.
Deep breathing and imagery. Combining simple relaxation techniques such as deep breathing with positive visual imagery helps the brain to improve or learn new skills.
Ensure good eye contact
Sensory Regulation (attention difficulties that are sensory based)
Increase receptive language skills
Increase fine motor skill is the coordination of small muscles, in movements, usually involving the organization of hands and fingers with the eyes. Fine motor skills are achieved when individuals learn to use smaller muscles, such as muscles in the hands, fingers, and wrists. Individuals use fine motor skills when writing, holding small items, buttoning clothing, turning pages, writing, cutting with scissors, and with computer keyboards.
Jewelry making, working with clay, play dough,
Coloring books (with detailed designs), origami
Use chopsticks to pick up small pieces of paper
3.Ring Toss Games
13.Nuts and Bolts Toy